Vitess - v19.0.0

Release of Vitess v19.0.0


Table of Contents

Major Changes

Dropping Support for MySQL 5.7

Oracle has marked MySQL 5.7 end of life as of October 2023. Vitess is also dropping support for MySQL 5.7 from v19 onwards. Users are advised to upgrade to MySQL 8.0 while on v18 version of Vitess before
upgrading to v19.

Vitess will however, continue to support importing from MySQL 5.7 into Vitess even in v19.

Deprecations and Deletions

  • The MYSQL_FLAVOR environment variable is now removed from all Docker Images.

VTTablet Flags

  • The following flags — which were deprecated in Vitess 7.0 — have been removed:
    --vreplication_healthcheck_topology_refresh, --vreplication_healthcheck_retry_delay, and --vreplication_healthcheck_timeout.
  • The --vreplication_tablet_type flag is now deprecated and ignored.

Docker Image vitess/lite

The mysqld binary is now deprecated in the vitess/lite Docker image and will be removed in a future release.
This means that the MySQL/Percona version specific image tags for the vitess/lite image are deprecated.

Below is a full list of available tags for v19.0.0 and their deprecation status:

| Image | Deprecated |
| vitess/lite:v19.0.0 | NO |
| vitess/lite:v19.0.0-mysql57 | YES |
| vitess/lite:v19.0.0-mysql80 | YES |
| vitess/lite:v19.0.0-percona57 | YES |
| vitess/lite:v19.0.0-percona80 | YES |

If you are currently using vitess/lite as your mysqld image in your vitess-operator deployment we invite you to use an official MySQL image, such as mysql:8.0.30.

Below is an example of a kubernetes yaml file before and after upgrading to an official MySQL image:

# before:

# the image used here includes MySQL 8.0.30 and its binaries

      mysql80Compatible: vitess/lite:v19.0.0-mysql80
# after:

# if we still want to use MySQL 8.0.30, we now have to use the
# official MySQL image with the 8.0.30 tag as shown below 

      mysql80Compatible: mysql:8.0.30 # or even mysql:8.0.34 for instance

Explain Statement Format

Explain statement format vitess and vexplain were deprecated in v16 and removed in v19 version.
VExplain Statement for understanding Vitess plans.

Breaking Changes

ExecuteFetchAsDBA rejects multi-statement SQL

vtctldclient ExecuteFetchAsDBA (and similarly the vtctl and vtctlclient commands) now reject multi-statement SQL with error.

For example, vtctldclient ExecuteFetchAsDBA my-tablet "stop replica; change replication source to auto_position=1; start replica will return an error, without attempting to execute any of these queries.

Previously, ExecuteFetchAsDBA silently accepted multi statement SQL. It would (attempt to) execute all of them, but:

  • It would only indicate error for the first statement. Errors on 2nd, 3rd, ... statements were silently ignored.
  • It would not consume the result sets of the 2nd, 3rd, ... statements. It would then return the used connection to the pool in a dirty state. Any further query that happens to take that connection out of the pool could get unexpected results.
  • As another side effect, multi-statement schema changes would cause schema to be reloaded with only the first change, leaving the cached schema inconsistent with the underlying database.

ExecuteFetchAsDBA does allow a specific use case of multi-statement SQL, which is where all statements are in the form of CREATE TABLE or CREATE VIEW. This is to support a common pattern of schema initialization, formalized in ApplySchema --batch-size which uses ExecuteFetchAsDBA under the hood.

New Stats

Stream Consolidations

Prior to 19.0 VTTablet reported how much time non-streaming executions spend waiting for consolidations to occur. In 19.0, VTTablet reports a similar stat for streaming executions in /debug/vars stat Waits.Histograms.StreamConsolidations.

Build Version in /debug/vars

The build version (e.g., 19.0.0-SNAPSHOT) has been added to /debug/vars, allowing users to programmatically inspect Vitess components' build version at runtime.

Planned Reparent Shard

--tolerable-replication-lag Sub-flag

A new sub-flag --tolerable-replication-lag has been added to the command PlannedReparentShard that allows users to specify the amount of replication lag that is considered acceptable for a tablet to be eligible for promotion when Vitess makes the choice of a new primary.
This feature is opt-in and not specifying this sub-flag makes Vitess ignore the replication lag entirely.

A new flag in VTOrc with the same name has been added to control the behaviour of the PlannedReparentShard calls that VTOrc issues.

Query Compatibility

Multi Table Delete Support

Support is added for sharded multi-table delete with target on single table using multiple table join.

Example: Delete t1 from t1 join t2 on = join t3 on t1.col = t3.col where = 5 and = 7

More details about how it works is available in MySQL Docs


A SQL query, SHOW VSCHEMA KEYSPACES is now supported in Vitess. This query prints the vschema information
for all the keyspaces. It is useful for seeing the foreign key mode, whether the keyspace is sharded, and if there is an
error in the VSchema for the keyspace.

An example output of the query looks like -

mysql> show vschema keyspaces;
| Keyspace | Sharded | Foreign Key | Comment |
| ks       | true    | managed     |         |
| uks      | false   | managed     |         |
2 rows in set (0.01 sec)

FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS is now a Vitess Aware Variable

When VTGate receives a query to change the FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS value for a session, instead of sending the value down to MySQL, VTGate now keeps track of the value and changes the queries by adding SET_VAR(FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=On/Off) style query optimizer hints wherever required.

Explain Statement

Explain statement can handle routed table queries now. Explain is unsupported when the tables involved in the query refers more than one keyspace. Users should use VExplain Statement in those cases.

Partial Multi-shard Commit Warnings

When using multi transaction mode (the default), it is possible for Vitess to successfully commit to one shard, but fail to commit to a subsequent shard, thus breaking the atomicity of a multi-shard transaction.

In v19.0, VTGate reports partial-success commits in warnings, e.g.:

mysql> commit;
ERROR 1317 (70100): target: customer.-80.primary: vttablet: rpc error: code = Aborted desc = transaction 1703182545849001001: ended at 2023-12-21 14:07:41.515 EST (exceeded timeout: 30s) (CallerID: userData1)
mysql> show warnings;
| Level   | Code | Message                                                  |
| Warning |  301 | multi-db commit failed after committing to 1 shards: 80- |
1 row in set, 1 warning (0.00 sec)


--vtcombo-bind-host flag

A new flag --vtcombo-bind-host has been added to vttestserver that allows the users to configure the bind host that vtcombo uses. This is especially useful when running vttestserver as a docker image and you want to run vtctld commands and look at the vtcombo /debug/status dashboard.

New lock syntax

Vitess now supports the following LOCK syntax


Support for AVG() aggregation function

Vtgate can now evaluate AVG on sharded keyspaces, by using a combination of SUM/COUNT

Support for non-recursive CTEs

Common table expressions that are not recursive can now be used.

with userCount as (
    select id, count(*) as nr from user group by id)
select ref.col,
from ref join userCount on ref.user_id =

Minor Changes

Apply VSchema

--strict sub-flag and strict gRPC field

A new sub-flag --strict has been added to the command ApplyVSchema vtctl command that produces an error if unknown params are found in any Vindexes. An equivalent strict field has been added to the ApplyVSchema gRPC vtctld command.

The entire changelog for this release can be found here.

The release includes 461 merged Pull Requests.

Thanks to all our contributors: @ChaitanyaD48, @EshaanAgg, @FirePing32, @GuptaManan100, @Its-Maniaco, @Maniktherana, @Manni-99, @MrFabio, @VaibhavMalik4187, @ajm188, @aparajon, @app/dependabot, @app/github-actions, @app/vitess-bot, @aquarapid, @arthurschreiber, @austenLacy, @beingnoble03, @brendar, @davidpiegza, @dbussink, @deepthi, @derekperkins, @ejortegau, @frouioui, @gerayking, @glokta1, @harshit-gangal, @iheanyi, @jwangace, @lixin963, @mattlord, @mattrobenolt, @maxenglander, @mcrauwel, @mdlayher, @olyazavr, @pbibra, @pnacht, @rajivharlalka, @ravicodelabs, @rbranson, @rohit-nayak-ps, @samanthadrago, @shlomi-noach, @skullface, @systay, @testwill, @tycol7, @vmg, @wangweicugw, @williammartin, @wlx5575


March 6, 2024, 3:26 p.m.
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